Periodontal diseases are also referred to as Gum Diseases are infections that are growing around the teeth, these infections do not harm the teeth directly rather it affects the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligaments. Sometimes the periodontal diseases may cause due to untreated gingivitis.
Periodontal diseases could cause excessive gum bleeding, swollen gums, persistent bad breath, painful chewing, gum recession and may lead to tooth sensitivity. Periodontal diseases if not treated in time it may lead to a few other diseases.
Laser Gum Treatment
Laser Gum Treatment is removing the infections or the bacteria that have been affecting the tooth without the usage of knives or any kind of drillers. Laser treatment is done with the help of bright light with a certain amount of frequency that is necessary for the treatment. It’s a pain-free process of curing gum diseases.
Laser Gum Treatment works on the LANAP ( Laser Assisted-New Attachment Procedure ) which deals with all the periodontal issues. LANAP usually helps in regenerating the bone rather than resection. It also helps in the regeneration of bone and gum tissue reattachment and preserves the tissues.
Types of Laser Treatments
Laser treatments are divided into two types which are Hard Tissue Laser Treatment and Soft Tissue Laser Treatment.
Hard Tissue Laser Treatment
It is done when a part of the gum is to be cut down and removed permanently. This procedure has its own wavelength with a combination of water and a particular tooth mineral. It is basically used to prepare or reshape the tooth for a dental filling or composite bonding. It is also used to remove some of the tooth structure.
Soft Tissue Laser Treatment
It is a process of curing periodontal diseases, it is the absorption of laser with the combination of water and hemoglobin. These lasers help in killing bacteria and activates tissue growth. During soft tissue laser treatment, it seals some of the nerve endings and blood vessels when they penetrate inside. It also helps in healing faster.
How Laser Treatment works
Generally, laser treatment helps in regeneration, preservation of tissues and bone-building procedure.
The laser is nothing but a sharp beam of light that penetrates deep inside the cells and tissues. As laser treatment is very precise, it affects only the germ cells and the infected tissues. Laser almost kills 99.9% of germs.
The laser emits thin fibers of three human hair thinness and is put directly on to the infected area to avoid unnecessary harm to the other cells. If necessary an ultrasonic root cleaner is used to scrape off the cells. The laser affected/cured cells or tissues become sticky and turn into a jelly kind of structure that protects the tooth from further infection and germ.
By the course of time laser stimulated the growth of stem cells in the tissues to form new connective tissues, collagen, and bone. Slowly the body regenerates the lost tissues, ligaments, and bone around the tooth.
Benefits of Laser Treatment
- Laser treatment helps in limiting the bleeding. Patients suffering from gingivitis hence suffering from severe bleeding, it becomes difficult for the dentist to either operate or treat. In this case, Laser helps the best in removing bacteria and gingivitis pockets.
- As laser treatment is very precise, it concentrates on the affected area, there is no harm to other healthy cells or the gum tissues.
- As it causes less harm or trauma to the tissues and there is no involvement of cuts, stitches, and drills lasers help in healing faster as compared to other treatments.
- Laser Treatment involves no tools and during the treatment, it almost sterilizes the affected area and makes it infection-free.
- It reduces or eliminates tooth loss.
- It reduces pain as the nerve endings are coagulated in the laser procedure.
Precautions for Laser Treatment
- It is advised to keep the instrument in standby mode so that it doesn’t affect hand in case it comes in the path of the laser.
- The doctor and patient must wear laser protective glasses so that the laser doesn’t affect the eyes.
- It is advised to cover the face and the neck portion except for the mouth in order to protect them from the strong laser beam.
Usage of Laser in Dentistry
- The laser has various roles to play in the field of dentistry.
- It helps in the treatment of periodontal therapy, especially for the cases that include severe gum bleeding or inflamed gums. The laser helps in eradicating infections without excessive blood loss and inflammation.
- In case, the patient suffers from swollen gums due to the intake of medicines for the oral brackets then the gums could be enlarged with the help of a laser.
- For infants, sometimes there is extra muscle attachment in the oral cavity which creates problems in breastfeeding, cases like this are solved with laser treatment. For kids who have issues in speaking due to extra muscle, creating a problem in speaking such as tongue-tie laser helps the best in these cases.
- Laser treatment helps in getting rid of pigmentation on their gums, caused due to excessive collection of melanin. This procedure involves soft tissue laser treatment.
- The laser also helps in fastening the whitening procedure.
- Excessive growth of the gums in the oral cavity which looks abnormal could be treated with laser.
- The laser also helps in Pre Coronectomy i.e the gums overlay on the wisdom tooth and do not let it grow properly. The laser helps in removing the gum.
- The laser also helps with early and fast healing with the Aphthous ulcers as well.
- In the case of Dental Implant, the gums are removed for the placement of the implant. In this case, the removal of gums is done with the help of laser treatment.
- The size of the crown could be enlarged with the laser as well.