Dental implants are the permanent replacement of the missing tooth. It is a surgical fixture of a titanium screw that is placed inside the jaw bone and allowed to fuse with the bone in a few month’s time. The process of fusion of surgical fixture metal and the jaw bone is known as Osseointegration. In the procedure of implant, there may be a necessity of bridges or dentures which would depend upon the condition of the tooth and for high-end restoration.
What are the types of Dental Implant?
Dental implants are of two types such as Endosteal Implants and Subperiosteal Implants.
Endosteal Implants is the procedure where the titanium screw is put inside the jawbone in order to tighten and strengthen the hold of the screw as well as the implanted tooth. The process consists of two surgeries, first, when the screw is implanted and left for the healing of the gum tissues. Once the healing process is done, another surgery is done, where the actual implant is done. The dentures or bridges are later added to the tooth or teeth if necessary.
Subperiosteal Implants are done with the help of a metal frame that is fitted into the jawbone under the gum tissues. Once the metal frame protrudes then the artificial teeth are implanted.
This procedure is carried out for those who are unable to wear dentures and have minimal bone height.
How does dental implant work?
A dental implant is a long procedure which takes time to end the implantation process the process starts with the general consultation with the dentist. The implantation procedure and which implant to take-in will be advised by your dentist. Accordingly, the procedure would start. Dental implantation usually starts with a minor operation where the titanium screw or the metal frame is put into the jawbone. Gum tissues are then left to heal with time. If the patient has already undergone bone grafting then the healing procedure may take time, approximately 4-12 months. Usually, for the upper jaw, it takes 7 months to heal and for the lower jaw, it takes 5 months approx. When the proper growth of bone has taken place and the implant is firm and strong then the dentist may go ahead with the procedure of affixing the artificial teeth or tooth or crown whichever is suitable for the tooth condition. The affixed tooth could be fixed or removable. This will probably depend on the patient’s choice or in some cases the dentist may suggest.
What is the healing time incase of Dental Implant?
The healing process usually takes 4 weeks until the patient will have to undergo a restricted diet. After an interval of 6 months, the patient will receive the final prosthesis and after that, the patient may enjoy the regular lifestyle.
How implanted tooth should be taken care of?
There is no such special care to be taken in case of dental implantation. Brushing twice a day and regular flossing would do enough for your oral health. Make sure that the sides of the implant are cleaned properly. In case it is necessary for your oral hygiene your dentist may add a few things such as antimicrobial mouth rinses, interdental brushes and disclosing tablets to stain the locations of plaque accumulation.
What are the benefits of Dental Implantation?
A dental implant gives a natural look to the face by improving facial and bone features of the face giving it a proper shape. It also helps in chewing and helps in improving eating habits. It gives comfort for the people who get insecure because of the missing tooth also helping them not to mumble when they speak. Dental implantation lasts long and the patient can lead a carefree life.
Who needs Dental Implant?
Someone who has a missing tooth or teeth can opt for dental implantation. The patient should have healthy gums and enough bone to hold the implant. However, it is always advisable to go to a dentist and discuss the issue before landing up to any conclusion.
How do implants help in the prevention of bone loss?
Dental implants are one of the best ways of preventing bone loss. When there is a tooth loss and it is left untreated, the bones eventually start losing their grip. The implanted tooth will also be equivalent of having an original tooth and the gum tissues will grow around the implanted tooth. This process in a way helps in the prevention of bone loss.